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This paper goes into depth, talking about the history of Cannabis and its use. It’s a relatively easy to ready paper, explaining most aspects clearly and concisely. The author mentions the fact that smoking cannabis, just as with smoking tobacco, produces carcinogens. Carcinogens are chemicals that can lead to cancer. However, she also mentions that vaping marijuana between 180 and 200°C produces fewer harmful chemicals.
Here is the full scientific article if you wish to download it.
Dronabinol contains a form of THC dissolved in sesame oil inside a gelatin capsule. The THC for this drug is synthetic rather than a natural extract. It’s currently prescribed for nausea associated with chemotherapy, and anorexia in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
Nabilone is another synthetic cannabinoid that copies THC. It is also used to treat chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.
Nabiximols is a whole plant extract of marijuana. It contains both THC and CBD. Unlike the previous two drugs, this is not a pill. It’s taken as an oral spray. It’s currently undergoing trials for the treatment of pain in the US but has been approved in Canada and parts of Europe.
Research suggests that both oral THC and smoked marijuana are useful in reducing nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy. However, the specific chemotherapy drug involved seems to be an important consideration. For those taking methotrexate, these methods reduced chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. For those taking doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide, both the oral THC treatment and smoking marijuana has no effect on nausea and vomiting.
Both smoked and vaporized marijuana was found to relieve pain and increase pain tolerance. Although to what extent, it was not mentioned.