Marijuana usually refers to cannabis when it is inhaled via smoking or vaping or even ingested via cookies, brownies or other edibles. Therefore this means it includes a wide range of cannabinoids. The most effective cannabinoids we know of within this form are Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), Cannabidiol (CBD) and Cannabinol (CBN).
THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid within cannabis and CBD provides a wide range of benefits including anti-inflammatory properties. CBN is only known to appear within aged forms of cannabis through the metabolism of THC. In other words you need THC to get CBN which is considered one of the best cannabinoids as it has been known to provide the benefits of THC without the high.
Here is the full scientific article if you wish to download it.
This paper will discuss the effects of marijuana and its constituents on the eye and the rest of the body in the treatment of glaucoma. After tobacco, alcohol, and caffeine, it is probably the most widely used drug in society.
Marijuana use for glaucoma has been the “go to” excuse when authorities catch people in possession of illegal quantities of cannabis, but it is also one of the first known medical benefits discovered from cannabis use. It is stated that the benefits are from anti-inflammatory cannabinoids (such as CBD) reducing the inflammatory reaction causing the increased fluid pressure. This paper including many other studies proves that using marijuana for glaucoma as well as its corresponding symptoms does help.
Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the pressure experienced by glaucoma patients when fluid is pressing against their eye(s). This study found that 60-65% of users experienced relief (a decline in pressure) within their eye after using marijuana. However, they also experienced toxic side effects from the THC within it.
Other Recorded Side Effects Include
Although these side effects where recorded, they did not appear in all subjects, and it was also found that the presence and severity of symptoms depended on the amount of marijuana taken.
Creating new forms of glaucoma medication based on marijuana use and the human endocannabinoid system (the pathway for cannabinoids to receptors which then provide potential benefits) is becoming more of a reality each day due to further research and increasing anecdotal cases.
Cannabinoids from marijuana (the cannabis plant as a whole) specifically CBD (cannabidiol) are proving very beneficial. All that remains is for specific dosages for different grades of the condition to be created. For this to happen further more in-depth research will be needed such as double blind studies and placebo based experiments.
It should be noted that the main benefit is being provided by the non-psychoactive cannabinoid CBD therefore a THC free or CBN based treatment would provide further potential benefits and less side effects. This would mean a oral only based treatment would be needed instead of an inhaled version a CBD on its own cannot be smoked for effective benefits.
Also, any treatment that doesn’t include smoking is always better. However, CBD eye drops are also being developed if a patients doesn’t like the taste of marijuana based treatments or who prefer a more direct approach.
Please note that this study and its findings are simply that. Research findings. They should not be taken as a form of excuse or reasoning to use marijuana or CBD based treatment for any ailment unless professional medical advice has been provided by a doctor or similar medical professional.