Cannabinoids are found in the cannabis plant and have 2 main constituents, cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). CBD is said to have an anti inflammatory effect in animal cells while THC has a psychoactive effect in the brains of animals. This paper will look at 3 different associations between cancer and cannabinoids. The first being that smoking cannabis may cause cancer in the aerodigestive and respiratory system. The second being that THC and synthetic cannabinoids have antineoplastic effects. The third being that cannabinoids could be used in cancer treatment by alleviating the relating symptoms such nausea, loss of appetite, neuropathic pain and vomiting. The main problem in getting cannabinoids legal for medical use is the method in getting rid of the psychoactive effects that comes with cannabis.
Here is the full scientific article if you wish to download it.
THC & CBD’s are not carcinogenic
In animal studies, it has been proven that cannabis smoke is carcinogenic and causes a cell growth in cancerous cells, however THC on its own is not. THC is said to have an anticancer effect, however it must be ingested rather than smoked. It has been reported that people who regularly smoke marijuana have a great risk in getting respiratory cancers. This is ironic as CBD has been proven to have anticancer properties. CBD can cause inflammation in cancerous cells, however as smoke is cancerous, cannabis must be ingested so that there is no risk.
THC & CBD’s can treat people with cancer
Clinical trials have shown that THC and CBDs can be potentially useful in treating patients with different types of cancer with no side effects. They have the ability to improve appetite, reduce nausea and vomiting, and alleviate moderate neuropathic pain and symptoms, however it is unseen if it is better than existing drugs in the treatment of cancer. Cannabis extract could possibly be a major player for the treatment of cancer, however smoking and its psychoactive effects are 2 of the main problems in delivering this to the public.