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The herpes virus has many names such as HSV and the herpes simplex virus. There are two of the herpes simplex virus types. The first one is The Herpes simplex type 1 which can be written like HSV1, HSV-1 human herpesvirus 1 or HSV Type 1. The second herpes simplex virus is The Herpes simplex type 2 which can be written like HSV2, HSV-2, human herpesvirus 2 or HSV Type 2.
Both the herpes simplex type 1 and the herpes simplex type 2 viruses infect the body’s mucous membranes. The HSV1 and HSV2 viruses look pretty much identical under a microscope. They share roughly 50% of the same DNA and 85% of the same genetic material.
Herpes simplex is a viral disease that lays dormant in the body. So anyone person may carry the infection, but may not even realise that they are affected by it unless it is triggered and becomes active. Once triggered the virus can last anywhere from seven days to two weeks. It can also be easily transmitted via skin-to-skin contact and once infected with the HSV1 or HSV2, a person is capable of transmitting the virus forever and no symptoms occur, this is known as asymptomatic viral shedding. It’s estimated that two-thirds of people are entirely unaware that they are infected.
HSV1 is commonly known as cold sores or fever blisters. Cold sores are usually located in the mouth and lip area, throat, face, eyes, and the central nervous system infection and sometimes in and around the nose. Symptoms of HSV1 are Blisters that break open and can form into a pimple like ulcers that are small in size but can be visible due to these blisters forming into clusters. Other symptoms are fevers and swollen lymph nodes
HSV2 is commonly known as genital herpes or oral herpes. This form of herpes is located usually below the waistline but can be spread to any part of the body.
Causes and triggers
People who carry the Herpes simplex virus, and it active on their lip or mouth area, can transfer the virus onto someone else by kissing. People who carry the HSV2 virus can transmit the virus onto someone else during sexual intercourse. You can reduce the risk of transmitting the virus by using a condom, or by avoiding sex completely until the virus wears off.
Risks of The Herpes Simplex Virus
People with low immune systems have either prone or could be in danger once the virus is active. Newborn babies born whose mother is infected can be exposed to the virus during the pregnancy process. This may result in the newborn becoming blind, getting brain damage, or cot death.
Women are also more at risk of being infected from the herpes simplex virus because the majority of the vagina is comprised of mucous membranes.
Treatments for the Herpes Virus
Generally, the herpes simplex virus clears up within 7 to 14 days (give of take). To treat the virus, there are a number of different methods. These methods are:
Antiviral – antiviral makes perfect sense in the treatment of the herpes simplex virus, as it says it in the name. Antiviral medication combats the virus and kills it off. Drugs like acyclovir and valacyclovir are both effective at quickening the healing process.
Topical – topical medication like creams and oils can be placed directly onto the area that it infected, this includes acyclovir, the antiviral medication discussed earlier.
Another medication that can be used to treat the herpes simplex virus is Cannabidiol. A natural, herbal remedy that is derived from the cannabis plant. Cannabidiol, or CBD oil for short, has been clinically tested for multiple ailments and diseases, which the majority have been having positive outcomes and promising results.
A study carried out in 1997, experimented with Cannabis sativa, on both animals and humans. The study claims “However, cumulative reports indicating that THC alters resistance to infection in vitro and in a variety of experimental animals support the hypothesis that a similar effect occurs in humans.”