Cold sores! Those dreaded tingly things! Why do ninety percent of all of the people on planet earth get at least one cold sore in their life? Some are even prone to them. Cold sores, also known as fever blisters are a virus infection that derives from Herpes simplex viruses, also known as herpes. Cold sores (not to be confused with canker sores) are highly contagious. There are two types of herpes viruses. HSV type 1 and HSV type 2. Cold sores are the cause of HSV type 1 herpes.HSV type 1 and HSV type 2 share roughly 50% of their DNA and 85% of their genetic material, and under a microscope they look pretty much identical.
What’s the difference between HSV type 1 and HSV type 2?
The main difference between both is where the actual virus typically locates itself in the body.
HSV type 1has the ability to cause genital herpes, although genital herpes is most commonly due to HSV type 2. HSV type 1 is transferred generally from person to person through kissing. HSV type 1 usually remains dormant in the bodies of nerve cells contained in the central nervous system (CNS). HSV1 is also a lot riskier than HSV2 because HSV1 can occur in the eye, causing a very serious infection. This is called ocular herpes, and it can make the carrier go blind.
HSV type 2 is the perpetrator for genital herpes, and generally, a person who carries this virus produces cold sores below the waistline but can be located on other parts of the body. HSV type 2 is generally spread through sexual interactions, mainly sexual intercourse. HSV2 can also pose threats, although they are more uncommon than the threats created by HSV1. HSV2 is a frequent cause of neonatal herpes, a rare but serious condition, which is transferred from a pregnant mother to a newborn.
The physical symptoms of HSV type 1 and HSV type 2 are 100% identical.
Does HSV type 1 and HSV type 2 have similarities?
Well, yes. They have more in common than they do differences. They are both viruses that infect and attack the mouth or genitals (the body’s mucous membranes) such as ears and nose. Once infected, they tend to lie dormant in the nervous system. So once someone is infected with the herpes virus, it’s pretty much impossible to notice signs or symptoms of the virus.
Usually, the herpes virus is activated through emotional or physical stimulation. Once activated, the virus travels to the surface of the skin.
Symptoms and Causes
So many people carry the herpes virus, but it is very uncommon to notice signs or symptoms. The only time you will know off a herpes carrier, is when the person is suffering from a cold sore(s). Although, here are some symptoms for you to look out for in order for you to find out whether you are a carrier or not.
What are the stages of Cold Sores?
The stages of cold sores include:
Cold sores activate themselves very quickly, and the symptoms come on strong and fast. These symptoms are Tingling and itching. Many people feel an itching, burning or tingling sensation around their lips. Not long after the tingling and itching occurs, blisters start to form. These small blisters look like a small cluster of pimples. These blisters generally break out along the edge of the lip. Where the lip meets the skin. This is the most common area, but they can also appear in the nose, which can be painful and not easy to treat (especially with cream based medicine). Once the blisters are formed, a yellow crust forms on top of them.
Common Threats and Risk Factors of Cold Sores
Cold Sores generally don’t pose any threats, however, they may be considered extremely dangerous if a newborn is exposed to a cold sore. Lynette Clare’s daughter was exposed to the herpes virus. Her newborn was critically ill and almost died from a herpes carrier who had kissed her.
“I had no idea cold sores could be so dangerous to newborn babies and there just isn’t that awareness at all, but there desperately needs to be, The Independent Newspaper has an article written about a 12-day old baby who was a victim to the herpes virus and has claimed that the newborn died due to a cold sore.
Medical conditions and certain ailments may increase your risk of complications. These include Eczema, Severe burns and HIV/AIDS. Treatments such as chemotherapy have also been a leading cause of the risk of becoming a carrier and suffering complications. So although cold sores pose a threat to newborns and small children, there haven’t been cases where cold sores have left adults in critical condition.
Cold sores are fast healing, the overall healing time can last up to 1 to 2 weeks without treatment. There is no immediate cure for cold sores, although many antiviral creams can help speed up the healing process. Zovirax, Acic (which are very similar), Fucidin and Cymex cream are commonly used in the treatment of cold sores. Other antiviral medications are Soothelip, acyclovir, and penciclovir.
All of the above are only effective if they are applied as soon as you start to notice or feel the symptoms. It’s recommended that as soon as you start to feel the tingling, this is the beginning of a cold sore, so drop everything and go get the antiviral cream!
When you have a cold sore, make sure that you are always washing your hands, in case you are putting your hands up to your mouth where the cold sore is, the last thing you want to do is spread infection, and spread cold sores around everyone you know, oh, how embarrassing would that be!?
Also, avoid skin-to-skin contact because the herpes virus is extremely contagious. It spreads, like wildfire. Also avoid sharing items like makeup such as lipstick, lip gloss, mascara, lip balm. It’s also important to try and avoid utensils, towels, spoons, knives, and forks (unless you thoroughly clean them using hot soapy water)
When you are suffering from a mouth sore, there are a few remedies that you can carry out at home to help treat them cold sores!
Aloe Vera, this stuff is just overall amazing for your skin and hair. If you have an aloe vera plant, great! We’re off to a good start. The purer the aloe vera is, the better, this is why I would suggest a plant. Cut the plant in half length ways (not sideways) down along the spikes, this is tricky, so mind your fingers. Then apply the aloe vera gel to the infected area. Apply a few times a day and hey presto!
Sometimes your cold sores can look extra gross, especially when it’s inflamed and causing a lot of redness, so if you have a family party or an important meeting, apply some ice to the area. This will help with reducing the inflamed area, it will relieve some discomfort, and the redness will significantly reduce.
If your cold sore is really bothering you, and is painful, over the counter (OTC) painkillers will do the trick, like ibuprofen
What is CBD
CBD oil is extracted like an essential oil, from both the Cannabis/marijuana sativa plant or also known as industrial hemp. When taking CBD oil, it is very controllable as CBD content can be more potent or prevalent than other strains. CBD oil is on the increase in the medicinal industry, and recently as it can be used for medicinal and topical purposes. Research and study have been carried out on the medicinal properties, and these studies and researches are very promising in the treatment of many different kinds of ailments.
Cannabis has been proven to treat Parkinson’s disease, ADHA, Epilepsy, Anxiety, Cancer and many others.
CBD is able to do this due to a recent discovery (the 1900’s) where the discovery of the endocannabinoid system occurred. The endocannabinoid system is connected to the immune and central nervous system (CNS). It is also connected to our hormones. When the endocannabinoid system is lacking in cannabinoids (CBD) and is also found in the cannabis plant, the result is a weakened immune system.
How to Use CBD for Cold Sores
Since CBD has proven to boost the immune system and fight viral infections. Most forms of herpes medication act as an antiviral or an anti-inflammatory. And CBD is no different. When you notice the first sign of a cold sore coming, you can use CBD oil (in a tincture) and apply one or two drops on the infected area. Whether your sores are in your mouth or on your genitals, CBD is a very natural, herbal and 100% nontoxic, so it will not have any negative effects on any area of the body.
The evidence is in favor of CBD oil as an effective treatment for the herpes virus. As an anti-inflammatory, the cannabinoid has been recognized in dozens of researches and studies in the ability that it has to battle the likes of HSV),
When it comes to CBD being anti-viral, well there’s proof for that too. “Cannabis is more effective as an antiviral medication then pharmaceutical drugs.”
CBD Topicals like creams, salves, balms, and ointments can help with the reduction of swelling and redness of cold sores. Vaping CBD is one of the most popular CBD consumption methods because it’s easy to inhale and the oil can come in different flavors. This is a far better method than smoking if you don’t like the taste. Vaping also helps CBD oil enter the body quickly. Making it fast relieving.
As of today the available research and evidence to support the anti-viral benefits founded in cannabinoids against HSV are restricted due to certain laws that hold Cannabis on the Class A positive of the drug category list, so, therefore, many labs and researchers are unable to get their hands on a cannabis plant due to the fact that is is 100% illegal. Most of the contradictory studies are very early research evidence, but nevertheless, Cannabis is on an upwards turn and is slowly making its way into the medical industry, due to the fact that study after study, it has been able to show positive results and progress in many types of ailments.