Proper Usage of Cannabis for Treating Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson's Disease, Proper Usage of Cannabis

It is estimated that up to 7 to 10 million people across the world suffer from Parkinson’s Disease, 60,000 of which are Americans. It is a common illnesses among adults however it is estimated that 4% of people discovered with it are diagnosed before the age of 50. It is unclear what causes Parkinson’s Disease and this is one of the biggest challenges researches face when trying to treat it. According to experts and leading specialists, changing cannabis legalization in America is being linked to the treatment of Parkinson’s and its related symptoms.

What is Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a long run degenerative disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) that primarily affects the motor system. Familiar with trying to walk in water, Parkinson’s disease steadily puts the body in a hypokinetic (slow moving) state. What we know, due to the loss of dopamine being made in the brain it causes Parkinson’s disease. The easy cure of reducing the growth level or undoing the symptoms f Parkinson’s is just by increasing the level of dopamine being made.

Central Nervous System
Since Parkinson’s disease is a neurotic illness, the Central Nervous Systems has an essential part in finding cures surround PD. The central nervous system are composed of the spinal cord and brain. It is indicated to as “central” as it brings together information from the whole body and coordinates activity from the whole organism. Physiologist and anatomists have studied deeply about the central nervous system, but it still holds a lot of mystery: it has authority over our desires, thoughts, emotions, and movements. It also has power over our heart rate, the release of some hormones, breathing, body temperature, etc. If we consider how a submarine functions, it makes it to its destination due to the algorithms made to do so. It makes to its target since it is arranged by a system to do so. A human body is similar to how a submarine works. As medical professionals believe that the central nervous system is the computer that functions the human behavior and this theory has been at the forefront of the scientific research.

Substantia Nigra
Far down in the center of the brain, there is a place called the substantia nigra (“black substance”). The neurotransmitter dopamine is where in the darker area of the brain it rests. As the disease increases further over time, the substantia nigra ceases to work right, slowing down then eventually ending the growth of dopamine. Such simple tasks such as talking or breathing without dopamine would become extremely hard to do.

Lack of dopamine has a significant hand in both starts of physical and mental illness. Dopamine is a chemical inside your brain that has an impact on your sensations of pleasure, emotions, pain, and movements. There are five dopamine receptors. The highly common disease that illustrates lack of dopamine chemical is Parkinson’s disease. There is a notable amount of dopamine lacking in clinical depression as well.

(Along with the many symptoms of Parkinson’s there is a common psychological illness called depression that also affects the patients. To help combat this secondary but very serious disorder patients are advised to replace dopamine levels with a drug known as L-Dopa but there are other know potential aids too.

Medications for Parkinson’s

  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-Tremor Medication
  • Caffeine
  • Dopamine Promoter
  • Cognition-Enhancing Medication

Caffeine is the highest largely consumed psychoactive material in the worldand is used to provoke wakefulness and increase alertness. Information dug p has proved that caffeine may lessen the chance of developing Parkinson’s disease. Caffeine increases dopamine signaling in the brain like similar wake-promoting drugs (Modafinil). As caffeine may encourage caffeine in the brain other fake ingredients put in energy drinks or soda may add to more health risks and not be worth it. Consume a controlled amount of coffee or tea for health reasons.

Drinks Containing Caffeine

  • Energy Drinks
  • Green Tea
  • Soda
  • Coffee
  • Black Tea

Lack of dopamine in the body will start to show premature signs of Parkinson’s following more progressive symptoms.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s Diseases

  • Expressionless Face
  • Tremor (Resting or Action)
  • Loss of Balance
  • Stooped Posture
  • Slow Movement
  • Rigidity
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Daytime Sleepiness
  • Anxiety or Apathy
  • Falling
  • Insomnia or Trouble Sleeping
  • Weight Loss
  • Trouble Smelling
  • Blank Stare

Researchers advice regular exercise to slow down the symptoms upon Parkinson’s discovery.

Early Signs of Parkinson’s Disease

Even though this disease has no cure but getting ahold of it at a premature stage may helpin slowing its symptoms. Committed carriers of the illness put in a regular effort to take care of themselves in the best way possible.
For starters, the first step in this process is to have knowledge about Parkinson’s. As it is progressive, it is advised to get daily checkups and to stay enlightened regarding its current research on Parkinson’s disease.

Early signs of Parkinson’s include:

  • Constipation: It happens due to the slower digestive tract.
  • Bladder Problems: Parkinson’s leads to an inability to control urine or have problems while urinating.

You may also experience:

  • Fatigue, as you may lack energy.
  • Blood pressure changes, as you may sense being dizzy or lightheaded.
  • Pain, as you may feel pain in specific areas throughout their body.
  • Smell dysfunction, as you may feel difficulties with sensing smells or identifying between odors.
  • Sexual dysfunction, as you may notice a lack of performance or desire.

What to do if you have Parkinson’s disease:

  • Meeting with a medical social worker and to talk about how it is impacting your life.
  • Work with your doctor and make a plan to remain healthy.
  • Care from an occupational therapist physical or speech therapist.
  • A referral to a neurologist (a doctor who specializes in the brain).
  • Talk with family and friends who can assist you with the support you need. People suffering from Parkinson’s may suffer from depression as well and is increased upon diagnosis.
  • Start a daily exercise program to delay any further symptoms.

The body creates endocannabinoids by the help of fatty acids. The most important fatty acid is the Omega-3. In recent research conducted on animals, it was found out that changes in mood can be caused due to diets low in Omega-3 which is caused by poor endocannabinoid regulation. Omega-3 can be obtained through hemp seeds. Though, Omega-3 produced by fishes such as the salmon and sardine is easier to use for the human body. Omega-3 dietary supplements can also be taken to ensure that the body is receiving the correct amount of polyunsaturated fats.

Throughout the body, there are many cannabinoid receptors. These receptors perform various functions. CB1 and CB2 are the major cannabinoid receptors that were the first to be discovered. CB1 is most abundant in the brain. Whereas, CB2 is more abundant outside the central nervous system.

Cannabinoid receptors can help regulate the following:

  • Sleep
  • Appetite
  • Digestion and Hunger
  • Immune System
  • Fertility
  • Pleasure and Reward
  • Pain
  • Temperature Regulation
  • Mood
  • Memory
  • Motor Control

Cannabis is a widely known plant group which produces flowering plants. Three species of flowering plants are produced which include Cannabis Indica, Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Ruderalis. Two flowering plants, indica and sativa produces medical and recreational marijuana. The third species, ruderalis, is rarely grown as it has very small level of THC and its small stature. However, the species has the unique ability to cross-breed and auto-flower without light. The cannabis plant is mostly grown in Asia, yet, it can be cultivated in anywhere in the world to produce hemp or to use it as a drug.

Some properties of the Cannabis flowering plants include the following:

  • Sativa – Promotes healthy, overall mood, enhances focus and creativity.
  • Indica – Promotes healthy sleep patterns, appetite growth, and peaceful sleep.
  • Hybrid – The hybrid plant include both sativa and Indica.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is found in the cannabis plant. It is a psychoactive cannabinoid which makes the user feel high and euphoric. THC is not lethal, though many claim that it is.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is also found in the cannabis plant. It comes in an average volume and has recently gained popularity for its healing nature. CBD is found effective in treating pain, anxiety, and inflammation without making the user feel euphoric, unlike THC. CBD such as the Harlequin is being grown more actively and is now available in high quantity in the markets.

Research suggests that THC stimulates growth in appetites, and CBD suppresses it. While many users of cannabis have reports symptoms of using the plant such as anxiety and paranoia, the same side effects have not been felt with the use of CBD. Studies have also suggested that CBD can protect brain cells and provide therapy for Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s.

Some of the benefits of CBD include:

  • Pain Reduction
  • Reduced Anxiety
  • Inflammation Reduction
  • Treatment of Neurological Disorders
  • Treatment against Multiple Sclerosis
  • Treatment against Dyskinesia
  • Treatment against Epileptic Seizures
  • Treatment against Depression
  • Treatment against Cancer

Addictive or Not?
The most critical questions regarding the use of marijuana is whether it is addictive or not. The answer to the question is both yes and no. Yes – because it is associated with a drug. According to research, 1 in 9 users of marijuana become addicted. However, it will only become lethal is 900 joints are smoked by one individual.

Also, there have been no cases of any deaths being reported due to the use of cannabis. Thus, cannabis should be looked at separately rather than the causation of addiction that may be caused by it. The 70’s drug culture stigmatizes cannabis. The benefits of the plant are not taken into consideration. Many individuals depend on the plant due to its medical properties or include it as a dietary supplement in their lives.

When compared with other drugs such as opioids, there are nearly a 100 death caused by opioids every day. 2.5 million annual deaths result due to alcohol use, and 40,000 deaths are reported annually due to anti-depressants. Marijuana, on the other hand, has no reports of any deaths and is far safer to consume and has very little side effects.

Cannabis in Treating Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s disease is thought of as an incurable disease, whose only symptoms can be treated. However, due to the legalization of cannabis, there have been medical breakthroughs that conclude that cannabis can help treat Parkinson’s disease. Though cannabis has its side effects, there are nothing in comparison to the side effects caused by the disease. Some reported health benefits of cannabis that can improve the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include a reduction in pain, tremors, better sleep, improved moods and easier movement. These benefits are provided by the muscle relaxing and pain eliminating effect of cannabis.

Scientific Evidence of Using Cannabis
A study published in 2014 analyzed 22 patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease. It was seen that 30 minutes after smoking marijuana, all patients using cannabis felt an improvement in their sleep patterns, tremors, and pain.
Another study published in 2010 should that cannabinoids have anti-inflammatory properties and are good for the body. Approximately, 50,000 individuals in the U.S. are diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease each year and about half a million of them suffer from it.

To study the Parkinson’s disease in depth and to make scientific breakthroughs, it cannot be done unless the disease is developed and is in its progressive stages. More and more individuals are being diagnosed with the disease. Majority of the patients are older adults. The burden will not reduce unless the right treatment can be found, or ways to prevent the disease can be discovered. If you or your loved ones suffer from the disease, it is best that you consult your doctor to see whether using cannabis can help treat the disease.

Editorial Staff
Editorial Staff
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