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You may have already heard that CBD Oil might be the solution for treating pain. Many people are aware of the healing properties of this natural product for a range of medical conditions, especially when it comes to long term pain relief. We are going to tell you all you need to know about using CBD oil for pain. First, a little about the science.
CBD oil is derived from the hemp plant, pr cannabis sativa, which has over 60 active agents. Of all of those, only THC is an intoxicant. It is the THC and its intoxicating effects that have made cannabis illegal in the past and has hampered the ability of scientists to fully research the benefits and risks of potentially helpful agents.
Marijuana and hemp are different. Hemp is a cannabis plant with less than 0.3 percent THC while marijuana has a THC concentration greater than 0.3 percent. Marijuana, along with more THC, also has more cannabinoids than hemp. The discovery of cannabinoid receptors in the human body is relatively recent and has finally led to more open discussion around the benefits of CBD for those suffering from chronic pain. This has also helped to reduce the previous stigma and encourage research into the health benefits of these molecules.
There are five major cannabinoids in marijuana, including CBD and THC. Other than THC, the other cannabinoids are relatively recent discoveries. These biologically active molecules hold a lot of promise for pain sufferers.
CBD in Topical Pain Management
In a recent study involving rats and arthritis, research determined that the topical application of CBD reduces the inflammation of arthritis and reduced pain behaviour in the objects of the study.
For arthritis sufferers, the current treatments have a number of side effects that are related to how the treatments are administered and the active agent in the medication. CBD however, has shown itself to have little, if any, side-effects and none when applied topically.
However, CBD is hydrophobic (it is repelled by water) and is not readily bioavailable when taken orally. By applying the CBD topically, it was found to be effective without any gastrointestinal side effects and without loss of efficacy through first pass metabolism (first being absorbed through the stomach).
CBD in Other Areas of Pain Management
Additional studies have demonstrated that CBD oil can be extremely helpful for a variety of chronic pain conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS). These have been somewhat hampered by the regulatory framework surrounding THC, CBD and the remaining cannabinoids in the united states. However, promising studies have demonstrated that treatments like Sativex (a nose spray containing equal amounts of THC and CBD) can relieve central neuropathic pain in MS patients and in intractable cancer pain.
Sativex has been through numerous randomized clinical trials that have demonstrated its safety and effectiveness in treating central neuropathic pain, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer pain, and peripheral neuropathic pain, with minimal adverse side effects.
The results of these studies, and many others, show that CBD oil holds out great promise for treating pain. While further study is needed, CBD’s effectiveness in some cases for some applications has now been well demonstrated. However, there are inconsistencies between many of the studies and further studies are required to detail the effectiveness of CBD oil in humans.
The future appears promising for clinical application of CBD oil for pain management. However, care should be taken because the industry currently has fractured and spotty regulation. Hemp products have little regulation but may contain contaminants, solvents and irritants. Marijuana products are poorly and inconsistently labelled.
If you are considering the use of CBD oil for pain, you would do well to conduct research into your particular kind of pain to ensure that the product you wish to use is the most effective and safe for you. Third party studies by independent laboratories will be useful to consumers until better regulations and studies have been completed. As always, remember to follow medical advice from you family doctor.
If you’re ready to start looking at which oil could be best for you, read our article on the best CBD oil for pain here.