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Bipolar disorder, which is also known as manic-depressive illness is a disorder that affects the brain. Bipolar disorder causes shifts in mood and energy which can really affect the sufferer’s ability to carry out day to day tasks. In other words, it is marked by extreme mood swings from high to low and or low to high. People have been lead to believe that bipolar disorder is a rare mental illness. However, according to statistics and heavy research bipolar disorder affects 5.7 million Americans, or about 2.6% of the U.S. population 18 and older. Although this mental illness is fairly common, you rarely see people suffering from bipolar disease. So how can you identify the signs of bipolar disorder in other?
Bipolar disorder is commonly confused with clinical depression because both include depressive episodes. The main difference between depression and bipolar is that depression doesn’t have an “up” period i.e it is unipolar. However, these two mental illness’ are completely different. To understand the difference between the two it’s important to know the symptoms.
Depression ranges from mild, short-term episodes of sadness and severe depression. Depression can affect people of any age. If you feel that you are suffering from depression, don’t be alarmed. Depression is treatable through a range of methods such as counselling, group therapies antidepressants or a combination of all. Clinical depression or major depressive disorder is a common and very serious mood disorder. Depression can negatively affect a person’s personal life such as:
People who suffer from major depressive disorder can occasionally have false beliefs i.e they may see things that others cannot. This condition is not just a simple feeling of grief or sadness. It is an illness that challenges your ability to manage daily activities. The symptoms of depression vary from person to person however many people who suffer from depression feel:
Bipolar can also have the above symptoms, therefore they are similar in many ways. However, bipolar also includes symptoms of mania.
A manic episode is a mood state. This mood state is associated with an elevated, expansive, or unusually irritable mood that lasts over a week. Manic episodes are required for a diagnosis of bipolar disorder type 1 (there are 4 types of bipolar disorder). The signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder are varied, however, when someone who suffers from bipolar disorder they generally feel:
The experience of mania and hypomania is unpleasant and disturbing. It can be frightening to the person affected and those that are close to them. Mania or hypomania may also lead to impulsive behaviour.
All in all, major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder are similar, yet very different. This easily expressed through the different stages and symptoms associated with both mental illness’. If you feel that you contain one, few or many of the symptoms listed above it’s important that you seek medical professional help. It might also be beneficial for you to talk to a family, friend or loved one.
If you suffer from bipolar disorder, treatment options can be daunting and it’s important to keep your distance from antidepressants. They may make symptoms of bipolar disorder worse. Antidepressants are capable of throwing bipolar sufferers into an unending cycle of mania and depression. If you suffer from bipolar disorder and are looking for alternative treatments, talk to your physician about CBD oil or even medicinal cannabis. These are both derived from the cannabis plant and have both shown promising results in treating those who suffer from bipolar disorder, anxiety and even depression.