What Is a Period? What Issues Can People Have? | cannabisMD

What Is a Period? What Issues Can People Have with Them?

What issues do people have with periods?

A period is also known as menstruation. This is when once a month a woman drops the uterine lining, or lining of the uterus or womb. The blood flows from the uterus via a narrow opening in the cervix. Then it leaves the body via the vagina. Usually, a menstrual period will last for 3-5 days. Sometimes even for a week. The length and flow will depend on a woman and may change throughout a woman’s life. Women experience troughly 450 periods during their lifetime.

A Menstrual Cycle

The menstrual cycle is the regular cycle of periods or menstruation. A menstrual cycle is consistent can be a good indicator that a woman’s body is functioning correctly. The sequence provides vital body chemicals and hormones for regulating health. It is also prepares a woman’s body for pregnancy. The regular menstrual cycle length is 28-32 days. For teenagers, regular cycles range from 21-45 days. For adults, regular cycles range from 21-35 days. Carefree provides a free period calendar/period tracker tool that can help you better understand and plan for your period cycle.

How Long Does Your Period Last?

Others will experience a period that lasts from three to eight days, but the normal is between four or five days. Your monthly period is part of your menstrual cycle. Your period starts on the first day of bleeding. It ends the day before your next period begins. The average cycle is 28-32 days, but it may be shorter or longer depending on the woman.

Unfortunately, menstrual severe problems may also occur. A period that is too heavy, too light, or the complete missing of a cycle can be referred to other issues. This refers to and contributes to an abnormal menstrual cycle. It’s important to monitor your body. Talk to your doctor if you notice any significant changes to your menstrual cycle.

Menstrual Disorders

In their simplest forms, they can be troublesome due to heavy bleeding, mood swings, or missed periods. However more serious complications exist in addition to these. Menstrual problems that you may experience at some point, or regularly, are as follows.

Premenstrual Syndrome: PMS can occur one to two weeks before the period begins. An extended period of physical and emotional symptoms some women will suffer. Some will experience several different symptoms or even none at all. Causes and symptoms of PMS include:

  • Bloating
  • Irritability
  • Backaches
  • Headaches
  • Soreness
  • Acne
  • Food cravings
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Feelings of stress
  • Insomnia or lack of sleep
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea or LBM
  • Mild stomach cramps

Heavy Periods: Also called menorrhagia, heavy periods cause you to bleed more than usual. It is also normal that you can have a period of longer than the average of five to seven days. This is usually because of hormonal imbalances. These hormones are progesterone and estrogen. Other identified causes include:

  • Puberty
  • Vaginal infections
  • Inflammation of the cervix
  • A thyroid gland that is underactive
  • Uterus tumors, not cancerous (fibroids)
  • Changes in diet or exercise

Absent Periods: Absent Period is called amenorrhea. Primary amenorrhea is when you don’t get your first period by age 16. An issue may cause this with the pituitary gland, a delay in puberty. In addition, when you experience irregularity of your period after six months, the secondary amenorrhea occurs. Here are the common triggers of primary amenorrhea and secondary amenorrhea in a young teen include:

  • Anorexia
  • Overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Sudden weight gain or loss
  • Stopping birth control
  • Pregnancy

When adults do not menstruate, the common causes are often different. These may causes include:

  • premature ovarian failure
  • pelvic inflammatory disease (a reproductive infection)
  • stopping birth control
  • pregnancy
  • breastfeeding
  • menopause

Painful Periods: A period can also be extremely painful. A type of pain during the menstrual period is called dysmenorrhea. There is underlying medical problem with this extremity of pain. The following are:

  • Fibroids
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Abnormal tissue growth outside of the uterus

Dealing with Excessive Unexpected Spotting Between Periods

Sometimes this is normal if you’ve just started a new type of birth control. It can also be a sign that you are pregnant. However, this is also a sign of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This is the result of sexually transmitted bacteria from infections like chlamydia and gonorrhea. It spreads to reproductive organs like your uterus, fallopian tubes,and ovaries. Spotting in between periods can also be a sign of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer causes watery and bloody vaginal discharge that might have a bad odor. It can also cause pelvic pain and pain during intercourse.

Menstrual Disorders Diagnosed and Treatment

The easiest way to be treated is by consulting your doctor or a trusted gynecologist. It can be diagnosed through a range of exams will be given such as:

  • A pelvic test,
  • PAP smear
  • Blood examinations
  • Urine tests
  • Endometrial biopsy
  • Hysteroscopy

Depending on the results of the investigation and trials, your doctors will prescribe suitable treatment. Treatment measures include medications, antibiotics, and hormone replacement therapy.

Periods are a natural part of a woman’s life. They are seen as a burden due to their inconvenience. Especially if menstrual problems occur. If you feel that you are having irregular periods or difficulties with your menstruation cycle talk to your doctor. It is very important that you are aware of your body. Monitor your period if you still have a doubt and consult your physician immediately.

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