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When a person is born they have innate immunity which involves natural defences in the immune system. It differs from adaptive immunity which we only develop after an infection of vaccination when the body builds immunity to fight a specific infection. Innate immunity is nonspecific while adaptive immunity is specific to a particular pathogen. Inflammation is part of the innate immune response.
Inflammation is the part of the body’s natural defence mechanism. The immune system is quick to notice damaged cells, irritants, and pathogens and when it does notice these it begins the healing process. When something irritates or harms the body, there is a biological bodily response using blood vessels to get rid of the stimuli. The signs and symptoms of inflammation can be uncomfortable but don’t be alarmed because there are your bodies natural signs of its self-healing properties.
Inflammation is the process of white blood cells and substances they produce to protect us from infection from foreign organisms, including bacteria and viruses. However, in some diseases and conditions, the body’s immune system triggers an inflammatory response without any foreign invaders to fight off. These diseases are called autoimmune diseases. In these diseases, the body’s normally protective immune system causes damage to its own tissues. The body responds as if healthy tissues are somehow infected or abnormal.
Infections, wounds, or any damaged tissue would not be able to heal without our bodily inflammatory responses. Chronic inflammation, however, is dangerous. It can lead to several diseases and conditions. In severe cases, it can lead to some cancers and rheumatoid arthritis. If inflammation persists longer than necessary it begins to cause more harm than benefit.
Symptoms of Inflammation vary depending on whether the bodily reaction if acute or chronic. Acute skin inflammation symptoms include:
These signs of acute inflammation only apply to skin inflammations. If inflammation occurs deep within the body, such as inside an internal organ, only some of the symptoms may be noticeable. For example, some internal organs have no sensory nerve endings nearby, so there will not be pain, such is the case with certain types of lung inflammation. Chronic Inflammation includes:
Examples of diseases that include long term or chronic inflammation include: asthma, chronic peptic ulcer, tuberculosis, rheumatoid arthritis, periodontitis, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, sinusitis, and active hepatitis.
The Science of CBD and Inflammation
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the second best-known cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. Unlike its well-known psychoactive cousin Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD does not get patients high and nor does it interfere with their ability to operate machinery. The discovery of THC as the major psychoactive principle in marijuana has led to significant growth in research aimed at better understanding non-psychoactive cannabinoids found in the plant, particularly CBD.
Cannabinoids affect cannabinoid receptors, found in the endocannabinoid system. Primary cannabinoid receptors are CB1 and CB2. CB1 is largely expressed in the brain while CB2 is predominately found on our immune cells. Several studies have shown that cannabinoids decrease cytokine (signalling proteins) and chemokine and increase T-regulatory cells (Tregs) as a primary mechanism to suppress inflammation. Manipulation of cannabinoids can lead to a potential treatment against inflammatory disorders.
CBD oil is used by some people with chronic pain and chronic inflammation. Studies suggest CBD oil can reduce neuropathic pain, inflammation, and overall discomfort from a range of health ailments. Studies suggest cannabis is over 20 times stronger as an anti-inflammatory agent than aspirin, and 2 times stronger than prescription hydrocortisone.
Studies show CBD has potent effects on inflammation and therefore can be used to treat a range of chronic ailments. These studies have shown a great deal of promise as an alternative for people with chronic pain or inflammation who cannot or do not want to rely on dangerous, habit-forming medications like opioids. But as research continues, we will continue to get a better understanding of how effective and wide-reaching CBD can be.
CBD products are currently not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for any medical condition. This means they aren’t regulated for dosage and purity. You should speak with your doctor if you are considering using CBD for your treatment plan to assure it is recommended and will not negatively interact with any of your current medications.
You will also need medical advice to determine an effective dosage for you. In states and countries, THC is illegal, although you can still purchase CBD oil from most drug stores although generally, they will not advertise it due to the stigma surrounding the cannabis plant. You should research the laws where you live before deciding on pure CBD oil or CBD spectrum oil (which can contain THC).