Arthralgia is joint pain. When there are several joints (two or more) involved, it is Polyarthralgia. For clarification, the ailment arthritis is not a symptom but rather a diagnosis of this condition. The are over 5 million adults and over than 300,000 children affected by this condition in the United States alone. The symptoms can include knee pain, types of arthritis like gout and pseudogout, traumatic synovitis, hemarthrosis, and chondromalacia patellae.
Knee Pain: The knee joint seems to be the most defenceless in our body as it carries our entire weight, but surprisingly, it belongs to the least common joint problem.
Gout: Characterized by red and hot skin over the joint, and pains that recur. The event is similar to pseudogout, although where the pain will start varies; pain in gout starts with the joint of the big toe, while in pseudogout, the pain begins on the knee joint. Both of them fall under the types of arthritis.
Traumatic Synovitis: Refers to inflammation of the joint lining. The pain from a recent joint injury recurring because of the inflamed tissue lining but will not typically cause any heat or redness.
Haemarthrosis: A recent injury, in the knee joint for example (fracture and other damages), can cause bleeding in its joint space, signs include warmness and swelling of the knee; stiffening and bruising afterwards. The condition usually affects those who are taking medicines for blood clots (anticoagulants).
Chondromalacia Patellae: Refers to damage of the kneecap. The condition may not show any signs of hot and redness around the affected area but is painful when taking the stairs. The reason behind it is assumed to be overuse of the knee.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: Is a type of arthritis that usually comes and goes, it triggers the swelling and pain of the joints (wrists, hands, and feet) which can leave us weary and tired.
Disease on the Connective Tissues: Pains in the joints that spreads all throughout the body can become another condition which concerns most of our organs. This condition includes scleroderma (hard and thickened areas because of the affected connective tissues on our skin), and lupus (an honest mistake on the part of the immune system by charging instead on the healthy cells, tissues, and organs).
Viral Infections: There are viral infections which can cause joint pains such as rubella (common in children), and viral hepatitis (liver inflammation).
Causes and Risk Factors for Joint Pains
There is a considerably large list of what causes joint pains, but generally, they belong to three categories; produced by types of arthritis, muscle pains, and the effect of other medical conditions. The inflammation of the joint can cause swelling, redness, tenderness, hot or warm in touch, and pain upon movement.
Unfortunately, there is still no cure for joint pains; however, there are treatments used to manage the pain and relieve it. The list includes:
Cannabidiol (CBD) is only one of a number (over than 80) of chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. Cannabis belongs to the clan of flowering plants cannabaceae. Regardless of its infamous reputation in concern with its recreational purpose, the plant has widely used been for more than 100 years in the west and a historic 4,000 years in the east for medicine.
As a fact, in 2737 BC, Shen Nung (a Chinese emperor) first recorded its use as a medicine to relieve pains for rheumatism and gout. The plant is famous for its compounds tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), responsible for altering the functions of the brain; causing the “high” feeling. This is the biggest reason why the plant has some issues regarding its legalization.
However, the other compound CBD is non-psychoactive and will not cause the same result as the THC, meaning it will not get you high. Both compounds include anti-inflammatory properties and other health benefits which can help in treating insomnia, anxiety, depression, diabetes, addiction, and even cancer, although studies and trials needed more verification to validate its worthiness.
The phytocannabinoids (THC and CBD) interact with our endocannabinoid system. This system consists of G-proteins receptors such as CB1 (spinal cord and brain regions) and CB2 (some neurons and immune system) receptors. THC interacts with CB1 causing changes in the emotions (like the “high” feeling), time perception and time. CBD on the other end, although it binds itself on both receptors, it has an indirect impact.
The product, CBD oil, is a safer bet compared to THC, and it can help with joint pains. The anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidant effect, combined with other vitamins and minerals made it more appealing to use for medicinal purposes. CBD can improve pain and inflammation caused by chronic arthritis. And there are over than 100 types of joint inflammation and the word “arthritis” has generalized these conditions.
A recent study suggests that by taking CBD products, it can act as a natural pain relief as it will activate the pathways on the CB2 receptors (it showed they are present in arthritis patients). Another study published in 2017, reported that cannabis has the largest number of medical requests for joint pains; although most of these requests do not extend to the clinical trials on rheumatic diseases. Lastly, we must remember that we do need more evidence especially clinical experiments involving human patients. If you are considering using CBD or THC to help with joint pain please consult your doctor first.
There are various ways we can ingest CBD oil which include:
The quality of the CBD oil plays a vital role in its effect. And regardless of how we ingest it, it’d be best to try it first with a single drop (baby steps) a day before we decide the amount. Also, like other medications, it has some side effects (usual with high dosages) such as lightheadedness, low blood pressure, dry mouth, drowsiness, and a little headache; although it’s normal. Interested buyers must look for medically approved distributors of CBD oil upon the approval and prescription of their care provider.