Hypertension – a medical term used to describe high blood pressure. High blood pressure occurs when the blood pushes against the wall of the arteries. This can cause damage to the blood vessels, it can put a strain on the heart, and it can increase risks of a wide range of health problems.
Hypertension is known as “silent killer”. This is because very often a patient who is suffering from high blood pressure will display no symptoms whatsoever. This is why checking blood pressure regularly is essential. Only by doing this can you avoid severe health problems.
When your blood pressure becomes too high, it puts extra strain on your blood heart. It also adds strain to other organs such as the brain, kidneys and even the eyes. Researchers claim that sudden or persistent high blood pressure can dramatically increase risks of potentially life-threatening conditions such as:
Heart Disease/Heart Attack: Hypertension decreases the amount of blood to the heart. This can severely damage the heart muscle and result in cardiovascular diseases and even heart failure. Elevated blood pressure is thought to be the leading cause of heart attack today.
Stroke: Like all organs, the brain needs nutrients and oxygen in order to function. The blood is responsible for transporting these essentials to the brain. So, if the blood supply to the brain is stopped or restricted, brain cells quickly die out. Which could result in a stroke, brain injury or sudden death.
Chronic Kidney Disease: Kidney disease is caused when hypertension results in damage to the blood vessels and filtering system of the kidneys. This can make it too difficult for the kidneys to remove waste from the body. This happens slowly over time, with no symptoms.
Dementia: Studies have linked high blood pressure to dementia. This is because the restriction of blood to the brain causes blood vessels to narrow, rupture or even leak. This can cause memory loss and a sharp decline in cognitive function.
Typically, the risk of high blood pressure doesn’t become serious until later in life. The ideal blood pressure for an adult varies according to age. Blood pressure above or below this ideal can increase the risk of a whole host of health issues.
These include but aren’t limited to heart attack or stroke. Even children can develop high blood pressure. However, this is rare. Many people don’t realize it, but there are many different types of high blood pressure. Here they are, explained briefly:
Essential hypertension or primary hypertension is high blood pressure which doesn’t appear to have any particular cause. This blood pressure isn’t the result or a symptom of some other medical issue.
Secondary hypertension is high blood pressure which is caused by an illness, disease or other medical condition. In this case, the blood pressure is a symptom of another problem.
White coat hypertension occurs when a patient develops sudden high blood pressure as a direct result of the anxiety they experience in their doctor’s office. This kind of blood pressure can be problematic as it provides an inaccurate reading of the patient’s blood pressure.
Hypertensive crisis is a very series and sudden increase in blood pressure. The rapid surge in blood flow can and often does, lead to massive heart attack or stroke. This can cause paralysis and even death.
The biggest trigger for high blood pressure is undoubtedly stress. Stress causes the speed of blood flow to increase, as the heart strains to pump out blood as quickly as possible. It is as though, our heart becomes as stressed and panicked as our brain and overexerts itself as a result.
Scientists also believe that genetics have a large part to play in a person’s likelihood to develop hypertension. Countless studies have found that African Americans have a much higher rate of high blood pressure than Caucasian Americans do. Some studies suggest that it’s almost twice as common among black Americans, although nobody is really sure why.
Obesity is also strongly linked to hypertension. This is thought to be because extra weight puts a strain on the heart. This compromises its ability to transport blood around the body as it should. However, this link has been disputed. Some researchers suggest that it is a lack of fitness and physical activity rather than weight itself which increases cardiovascular risk.
Lifestyle factors can be some of the biggest causes of hypertension. Diet, sleeping habits, alcohol consumption, substance abuse, and smoking can all significantly increase the risk of developing high blood pressure. There are a number of medications now available which help high-risk patients keep their blood pressure levels in check. However, maintaining a carefully balanced lifestyle is essential nonetheless.
In the United States today, about 77 million people suffer from hypertension. This translates to one-third of all adults. Clearly, this is a huge health issue for Americans. Having your blood pressure readings taken is essential to minimizing the risk of high blood pressure. Without doing this you can’t possibly be sure that you aren’t at risk.
Thankfully, there is much that you can do to avoid the effects of high blood pressure. By maintaining a balanced diet, a solid sleep routine, some regular exercise and generally keeping an eye on your health and wellness, you can massively reduce your risk of hypertension.
A study carried out by Khalid A. Jadoon, Garry D. Tan, and Saoirse E. O’Sullivan called “A single dose of cannabidiol reduces blood pressure in healthy volunteers in a randomized crossover study” looked at other studies on CBD for treating Muulptle Scerlosis and Epilepsy, through these studies CBD showed cardiovascular benefits, such as reducing high blood pressure associated with stress.
The experts used acute amounts of CBD oil in administration in 9 men. Each man was given 600mg of CBD oil and at the same time, their Cardiovascular parameters were monitored. The results of the study where promising as resting systolic BP (–6 mmHg; P < 0.05) was reduced by cannabidiol. While its promsing that CBD can help reduce high blood pressure (hypertension) it's important to note that more studies are needed on CBD as a cardiovascular benefit.