Dermatitis is a common skin condition, especially amongst children, which effects over 30 million Americans. Interestingly, it is also called by other names such as eczema or eczema flare and atopic dermatitis. All these naming conventions stand for an ailment which causes sensitive skin which is prone to turn red and show signs of rashes and sores. Dermatitis typically causes itchiness which aggravates the problem further.
The reasons for atopic dermatitis are not known, at least in its classic form. However, researchers believe it is caused by environmental or emotional triggers. Each person may have different triggers such as unique food allergies and some common triggers such as the ingredients used in harsh soaps.
These allergic reactions can cause a flare up by sending off false alarms to the immune system which reacts instantly and violently to what it sees as an attack. It results in skin rashes and skin infections. Because dermatitis is not contagious there is no need to isolate a person or his belongings.
Contact Dermatitis, also known as allergic contact dermatitis, turns the affected area red or pink. It may also cause the blisters which break and scab over with a yellow-colored crust. It causes rashes and itching. In some cases it leads to formation of blisters. As the name suggest, some of the common reasons for this form of dermatitis are sensitivity or allergy towards soaps, perfumes, synthetic clothing, flowers, jewelry made from certain alloys and metals and hair dyes.
Nummular Dermatitis causes bacterial plaques around the infected area of the skin which are circular in shape which are often mistaken for insect bites. The dry scaly skin can also be wet and oozing bacterial liquid/pus. It can erupt on the legs, hands, arms and torso. This form of dermatitis is often seen in men. Some of the known causes are dry weather, having regular hot baths and insufficient hydrating of skin. This form of dermatitis takes a comparatively long time to heal.
Atopic Dermatitis is popularly called eczema. The skin typically itches, swells and sometimes causes blisters, mostly appearing on the arms and legs. Atopic dermatitis is chronic and inflammatory in nature and generally runs in the family from one generation to another. A person suffering from this form of dermatitis may also be experiencing asthma and other forms of allergies. Incidentally, atopic dermatitis makes its presence felt in the first six months of birth, at least in the majority of the cases. It could vanish and / or come back during adulthood.
Dyshidrotic Dermatitis typically erupts around the fingers, toes, palms and soles of the feet. Some of the triggers include stress, sensitivity to certain metals, allergies such as hay fever and perspiration. Symptoms include moist or fluid based vesicles, itching, flaking and cracked dry skin.
Seborrhoeic Dermatitis is understood to be caused by genetic factors and hormonal imbalance. Yeast is another cause for this form of skin ailment. It is generally accompanied by reddish scaling. The interesting fact about this form of dermatitis is that it can appear on the scalp and other hair-covered areas. It is believed that seborrhoeic is active in regions where the glands produce natural oils. Incidentally, seborrhoeic dermatitis on the scalp is known as dandruff.
Dermatitis affects a huge number of people across the globe and it is suggested that this skin condition is becoming even more common over time. If any of the symptoms mentioned above sound familiar to you, you should make an appointment with your family doctor or a health care professional. There you will have the opportunity to discuss this further and seek diagnosis with a seasoned professional, before beginning a treatment plan.