Atopic Dermatitis | The Must Read Guide | cannabisMD

What is Atopic Dermatitis? The Must Read Guide

What is Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic Dermatitis, commonly known as eczema is a skin disease. Dermatitis refers to the inflammation of the skin. Your skin can becomes irritated and itchy and if scratched it can generate blisters that can also scare. Atopic dermatitis is a hypersensitive form of eczema. It mainly affects parts such as around the knees, particularly at the back, inside the elbows, and feet and hands too. It leads to irritation, dry skin and in severe cases can also develop into a wound. The symptoms of eczema most commonly observed are the need to scratch, that leads to increased inflammation and irritation.

Fortunately, eczema is not contagious that implies friends and family do not need to worry about taking precautions to avoid catching it. Eczema sufferers benefit greatly from normal forms of social interaction as it reduces their stress level which is one of the main triggers of the skin disease if it is too high. Further more, for those that have eczema can also suffer from Allergic Rhinti which is when you have hay fever or asthma or both. They are also likely to have family members who suffer from it as well but the severity of each case can differ from person to person.

It is a lasting disease for each person but how badly it affects you depends the season, medication, coping techniques and stress level.

7 Types of Eczema

  1. Stasis Dermatitis
  2. Allergic Contact Dermatitis
  3. Atopic Dermatitis
  4. Irritant Contact Dermatitis
  5. Neurodermatitis
  6. Perioral Dermatitis
  7. Seborrheic Dermatitis

 What are the Causes of Atopic Dermatitis?

No one knows the actual cause or causes. However, it is generally believed that more than one factor might cause the skin disease. Inappropriate lifestyle, environment, and genes stimulate the immune system that responds viciously to this interruption.

The response by the immune system is responsible for the flaring up of skin. At a personal level, certainty or severe emotions might result in false signals of interference that in turn stimulates the immune system. This results in redness inside the elbows, around the back of the knees and on the face leading to infections or septicemia that is contagious if left untreated.

It has also been validated through research that people having atopic dermatitis have a mutated gene that are responsible for the development of the major protein of the Keratohyalin granules, the Filaggrin. The loss of moisture and fewer infections due to viruses or bacteria are prevented because of the protein providing an extra form of protection in the form of a new layer of skin on top of the existing skin. Due to gene mutation, the production of the Filaggrin is influenced, and hence, the skin becomes vulnerable to almost all sorts of external attacks.

7 Known Triggers for Eczema

  1. Allergens present in the air.
  2. Clothing – Rough (causes friction), Tight (Too Warm) and Woollen (Scratchy and Warm)
  3. Hygiene Products – (Strong Soaps or Deodorants high in chemicals)
  4. Undisciplined lifestyle.
  5. High level of stress.
  6. Certain types of food.
  7. Change in season (Weather related).

The above mentioned factors should be carefully analyzed and avoided to prevent triggers which could eventually lead to AD.

When Should You See Doctor?

The question of when is the right time to consult a doctor remains important. While it differs between individuals, some of the convincing reasons include:

  • Irritable and dry skin that stays for a long.
  • Noticeable sores, in particular at the back of the knees, inside the elbows, and in children in front of the knees. Sometimes severe rashes around the neck, cheeks, feet, etc occur.
  • Atopic dermatitis might be accompanied with various reactions and conditions including high fever and asthma. In case, you suffer from such symptoms, there is a need to consult a doctor.
  • Repetition of the inflamed skin condition must not be taken lightly, and a doctor must be consulted immediately for it could signal a skin ailment like an AD.

Medical Treatments & Remedies

Instant relief can often be provided in many cases particularly the ones with the gentle AD by taking a long, steamy shower along with the use of a reasonable amount of moisturizer such as petroleum jelly. This remedy can be used for individuals for long lasting relief.

In addition to this, emulsifying oil (mixing oil with water in a container) and taking a shower with it can also help stop or get rid of this ailment. Emulsifying oil protects from skin evaporation which results in itching and dry skin, by rehydrating and nourishing the skin. Such treatment can also be provided to infants. Furthermore, one must be careful enough not to rub a towel over the body. Leaving emulsifying oil and water on the skin will allow for the formation of a unique layer of protection.

CBD oils can also be used to help hydrate parts of the body that are affected by eczema. Sometimes they are a great natural alternative to people who suffer from highly chemical solutions.

Topical steroids are also exploited by doctors as a form of treatment too. It remains the foundation of atopic dermatitis treatment along with the use of a moisturizer. Such sort of combination not only provides instant relief but the one that lasts longer. Patients living in humid atmospheres are suggested oil based topical steroid that must be applied two times a day on the affected area. Soon after the wound is healed, the treatment is stopped.

Non-Medical Treatments & Remedies

The non-medical remedies recommended by the doctors include wearing cotton clothes even if the weather is cold since other fabrics tend to worsen dry skin. In winters, one can wear cotton clothes in layers. More suggestions include:

  • Preserving constant, chill temperature internally to stop sweating that can result in irritation or redness.
  • Staying away from foods that can worsen the ailment.
  • Staying clear of high risk areas i.e. areas high in allergens such as parks, garden areas, farms, flower stores etc.

Regular checkups while sustaining a good lifestyle can help manage AD. Normal life can be led by individuals with the help of these recommendations.

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