What to Do If You Have the Main Symptoms of Cancer | cannabisMD

What to Do If You Have the Main Symptoms of Cancer

The Main Symptoms of Cancer

A statistic from 2012 states that cancer is the second leading cause of death. In 2012, there were more than 14.1 million new cases of cancer worldwide with an estimation of up to 8.2 million deaths worldwide related to cancer in 2012. Cancer is another term form a malignant tumour. It is considered as malignancy because of the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells. These destroy the normal body tissue and spread throughout the body. The cells in the body have its functions. When normal cells deteriorate, it can regenerate and produce new cells.

Cancer is when the cells keep regenerating new ones. This results in cells growing out of control causes problems in specific parts of the body. As a result, Tumors form when these cells continue to grow without stopping. Each type of cancer is different due to the fact that it can grow and spread differently. Cancer that can spread from the place where it first occurs to another location in the body is called metastatic cancer.

For example: Breast cancer can grow and spread then lead to a metastatic tumor in the lungs. The process wherein cancer cells spread to other parts of the body is called metastasis. It can respond to treatment differently wherein others may respond to surgery or therapy alone while other cancers may respond to medication such as chemotherapy. Although there are no known causes of cancer, there are risk factors that may lead to cancer such genetic factors, environmental factors and health conditions.

Main symptoms of Breast cancer

Cancer is not just one disease. It can form into a similar type of conditions. A type of cancer can be named depending on the location (organ and tissue) of the cancer form.

  1. Carcinoma: Is derived from the epithelial cells which cover the outer surface of the body. Cancers of the bladder, ureters, and kidneys are transitional cell carcinoma.
  2. Sarcoma: These cancers occur in the bone and soft tissue. Osteosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma and Kaposi sarcoma are the most common cancer of this type.
  3. Leukemia: These are the cancers that begin in the blood-forming tissue of the bone marrow. This cancer does not have a solid tumour. In fact, it’s an abnormal white blood cell that formed in the blood and bone marrow.
  4. Lymphoma: This cancer begins in lymphocytes. Abnormal lymphocytes form in the lymph nodes, lymph vessels and other organs of the body.
  5. Multiple Myeloma-: This occurs in white blood cell known as a plasma cell. If the abnormal white blood cells accumulate in the bone marrow, myeloma affects the healthy cells then cause complications.
  6. Melanoma: Another type of cancer that first occurs in cells and becomes a melanocyte. Melanoma often occurs in the skin but may also affect the intestines, mouth and eyes.
  7. Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors: These tumours in the brain and spinal cord have uncontrolled growth.

Most Common Types of Cancer Cases in The United States

These results are as of statistics dated in the year 2015 by the World Health Organisation (WHO):

  • Lung (1.69 million deaths)
  • Liver (788 000 deaths)
  • Colorectal (774 000 deaths)
  • Stomach (754 000 deaths)
  • Breast (571 000 deaths)

Common Signs and Symptoms of Cancer

Noticing signs and symptoms of cancer is often the difference between life and death. It’s important to be conscious and aware of early warning signs. This will help get an early diagnosis. Warning signs and symptoms are:

  • A persistent cough or blood-tinged saliva
  • Changes in bowel or bladder function and habits
  • Lump found on the body or an area thickening that can be felt in the skin
  • Fatigue
  • Pain: This can be an early symptom of cancer such as bone cancers or testicular cancer. A headache that does not easily go away may be a symptom of a brain tumour.
  • Sudden changes in the skin such as colour, texture. for example, yellowish discolouration of the skin, reddened skin, itchiness and sores that do not heal can all be signs of skin cancer.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Unexplained muscle or joint pain.

These are just the common signs and symptoms. Once you noticed any significant changes in your body and start to worsen or if the signs and symptoms usually last for a long period of time you should consult your physician immediately.

Early Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment for Cancer

Prevention is better than a cure in relation to cancer. Knowing the possible signs and symptoms may prompt to an early diagnosis.

  • Be brave: Do not disregard the changes, once you suspect that something isn’t right, consult your doctor or go to the hospital and do not take it for granted.
  • Consider getting a check-up, tests and evaluations. These range from:
    1. Physical exams: Your physician may have to check if there are lumps in your body or check if there are any changes in the body.
    2. Laboratory tests: These tests are urine and blood tests. They show if there are infections and the show your blood counts.
    3. Imaging tests: Tests such as CT scan, positron emission tomography (PET) scan, ultrasound, X-ray, bone scan are the most common test to determine if there are any problems in your bones or internal organs.
    4. Biopsy: This test needs a sample of your cells to diagnose cancer and to determine the types and stages of cancer.

Once cancer has been diagnosed your oncologist will tell you all the possible option to remove the cancer cells or kill the cancer cells. Possible treatments are oral medications, surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. These treatments may depend on the types and stages of cancer.

If you are a cancer patient, don’t threat. In 2016, there was an estimation of 15 million cancer survivors in the United States. This estimation is expected to increase by the following year. With treatments and technology improving constantly and researchers moving closer and closer to curing cancer the more we will be able to fight and prevent cancer.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *