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A statistic from 2012 states that cancer is the second leading cause of death. In 2012, there were more than 14.1 million new cases of cancer worldwide with an estimation of up to 8.2 million deaths worldwide related to cancer in 2012. Cancer is another term form a malignant tumour. It is considered as malignancy because of the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells. These destroy the normal body tissue and spread throughout the body. The cells in the body have its functions. When normal cells deteriorate, it can regenerate and produce new cells.
Cancer is when the cells keep regenerating new ones. This results in cells growing out of control causes problems in specific parts of the body. As a result, Tumors form when these cells continue to grow without stopping. Each type of cancer is different due to the fact that it can grow and spread differently. Cancer that can spread from the place where it first occurs to another location in the body is called metastatic cancer.
For example: Breast cancer can grow and spread then lead to a metastatic tumor in the lungs. The process wherein cancer cells spread to other parts of the body is called metastasis. It can respond to treatment differently wherein others may respond to surgery or therapy alone while other cancers may respond to medication such as chemotherapy. Although there are no known causes of cancer, there are risk factors that may lead to cancer such genetic factors, environmental factors and health conditions.
Cancer is not just one disease. It can form into a similar type of conditions. A type of cancer can be named depending on the location (organ and tissue) of the cancer form.
These results are as of statistics dated in the year 2015 by the World Health Organisation (WHO):
Noticing signs and symptoms of cancer is often the difference between life and death. It’s important to be conscious and aware of early warning signs. This will help get an early diagnosis. Warning signs and symptoms are:
These are just the common signs and symptoms. Once you noticed any significant changes in your body and start to worsen or if the signs and symptoms usually last for a long period of time you should consult your physician immediately.
Prevention is better than a cure in relation to cancer. Knowing the possible signs and symptoms may prompt to an early diagnosis.
Once cancer has been diagnosed your oncologist will tell you all the possible option to remove the cancer cells or kill the cancer cells. Possible treatments are oral medications, surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. These treatments may depend on the types and stages of cancer.
If you are a cancer patient, don’t threat. In 2016, there was an estimation of 15 million cancer survivors in the United States. This estimation is expected to increase by the following year. With treatments and technology improving constantly and researchers moving closer and closer to curing cancer the more we will be able to fight and prevent cancer.