Finding a lump on the body can be somewhat alarming for some people. It can be a cyst or a tumour. Cyst and tumour are two types of lumps, the difference of cyst and a tumour is difficult to tell because both of them can be found in the same are. A cyst is like a balloon that can be either filled with air or water.
That is what a cyst is, and the cyst is a sac filled with liquid or other material while a tumour is the abnormal growth of tissue. A tumour is a typical sign of inflammation that can be either benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous), unlike a cyst that somehow always not cancerous although some cancer can result to cysts.
A tumour is the result of a disturbed cell growth it is when a dead cell does not disappear from your body. Benign tumours do not spread and only affect in a fixed area, unlike a malignant tumour. A malignant tumour or cancerous tumours are spread through metastasis.
Metastasis is the process of primary cancer cells to spread through the blood vessels to create new tumours in other areas of your body. As a cancer cell breaks away from the primary source is travels through your bloodstream, travelling along the blood is the most efficient way for cancer cells to metastasize around your body.
Due to the legalization of medical marijuana in different parts of the world, the use of medical cannabis has proved its worth. It can be used for treating chronic pain, inflammation, cognitive diseases, skin health, and even for a mental disorder like depression, and anxiety. The major and well-known compound that revolutionize the use of cannabis as a medical alternative is THC and CBD.
THC and CBD are cannabinoids that can be found in a marijuana plant. Each cannabinoid can affect the receptors of your endocannabinoid system. Both cannabinoids have anti-inflammatory property and anti-anxiety property, not only it can manage the pain we experience from diseases like a migraine, spasms, and STDs. A study says that it also has an anti-cancer property that can help enhance the effect of chemotherapy and radiation.
THC and CBD can affect the cancer-related side effects and provide a synergistic effect on reducing tumor growth. One outstanding characteristic of the cannabinoid THC is that it only targets and kills cancer cells without harming the other healthy cells in your body. Although THC can cause psychosis that is where the CBD takes place, CBD can negate the effect of the THC without altering its anti-cancer properties. The cannabinoids interfere with the cell growth and the growth of new blood vessels that feed tumours and produces metastasis.
Chronic inflammation is one of the reasons for cancer development, and the other factor that can affect the growth of cancer cells is pro-inflammatory cytokines, the cytokines excite the cancer cells to move through blood vessels that results with metastasis. THC promotes the death of cells, in one study the THC induces the death of brain cancer cells or known as autophagy. Autophagy is the physiological process of the body to clean and remove cells in your body. It maintains the balance of the new cells being created ad the cells that break down.
THC induces the autophagy and CBD helps with regulating the psychotic effect of THC on your brains. Medical cannabis can also help with the treatment of damaged nerve cells because cannabinoids promote neurogenesis that creates new nerve tissues. The cannabinoids can slow down the growth of different types of cancer cells. Further studies can help provide evidence or discover a way for cannabis to treat cancer. Using CBD and THC is still safe for us to use for preventing the cancer cells from spreading.
In conclusion, before using medical cannabis for treating or preventing cancer, you should at least have background knowledge about a tumour before assuming that it is cancerous. Knowing the difference between a benign tumour to the malignant one can help you save time and effort. Do not use medical cannabis without proper guidance from a medical expert. The use of medical marijuana alone as medication for cancer or a tumour can lead to significant consequences.
Although cannabis has shown potential for killing cancer cells and prevent its growth, there is still needs for further study before reaching the point that it can cure cancer. CBD and THC can also interfere with metastasis by inhibiting the growth of new blood vessels that feed cancer cells. As a final word, there are still some flaws in the use of cannabis, and it needs to be further studied to give more concrete evidence on how it can fight tumour growth and metastasis.