The degree of burn depends on a number of factors such as: Severity in pain (although often times the worst of burns can have no apparent pain due to the lack of nerve endings left), depth of the burn within the skin, and overall damage done to the area of impact.
First-degree burns are burns that only affect the outer layer of the skin (Epidermis). Examples of first-degree burns are general sunburns and heat waves. The skin will be sensitive to the touch, but there is usually no visible blistering or discoloration that takes place. These burns take 1-2 weeks to heal, and peeling may occur.
Second-degree burns are burns affecting both the outer layer of skin (Epidermis), as well as part of the inner layer of skin (Dermis). Examples of second-degree burns are electrical burns, blistering from open flames, burns due to heavy friction, and sunburns. When second-degree burns occur, the epidermis may begin to blister and change color. Inflammation often takes place, leaving the skin sensitive to the touch and shiny, as if wet. Depending on the damage from blistering, second-degree burns may take up to 3-4 weeks to heal. Skin pigment changes may take place.
These type of burns are the most extreme cases of burns, as they penetrate a number of layers of the skin. As mentioned before, the severity of a third-degree burn may be so great that feeling is lost within the nerves of the skin. Hair follicles are destroyed with the epidermis and dermis when third-degree burns take place. Examples of third-degree burns are: termination of skin cells from heavy exposure to heat, welts and blistering from open flames, and burns from explosions or heavily charged electricity.
Causes of Burns
Sunburn, friction, electricity, fire, explosions, Sun exposure, fireworks, hot liquids, chemical burns, candles.
What is a skin graft?
A skin graft is a carefully selected procedure where one area of healthy skin is transported to a damaged area for reconstruction purposes. Skin grafts are necessary with burns that have left the skin deformed and noticeably different from the rest of the body. The area of skin that is being used is called the donor area. The area where the new skin will be placed is called the graft site. Skin grafts are a surgical procedure, and require recovery time.
How to Treat Burns
While ointments are a great way to combat burns suffered on the skin, it is best to check with your doctor before the use of them, as some ointments with or without antibiotics may cause an allergic reaction.
Depending on the severity of burn, applying cold water or ice to an injured area for an amount of time could do the trick. This is best when dealing with first-degree burns, where there is no blistering or medical attention needed. Ice directly on a severe burn is not advised.
Known for its amazing ability to moisturize the skin, aloe vera is also said to aid in reducing the inflammation and pain suffered during a burn. Scientists’ opinions differ on the ability of aloe vera to really treat burns. Nonetheless, this plant-medicine has stood the test of time to treat wounds in many cultures, and is still a favorite amongst the masses for it natural ingredients that help promote healthy skin.
Petroleum jelly is known for its ability to stop bleeding, and is great with burns as well as creating a thin layer of protection on wounded skin from a burn. Petroleum jelly should not be left on an open wound too long, as it traps the wound inside, as well as the oxygen on the outside that eventually heals the wound. Apply a thin layer of this ointment, and seek medical guidance if symptoms worsen.
CBD (Cannabidiol) is a compound derived from cannabis. It is completely non-psychoactive. Recent scientific studies have shown promising results regarding its role in the medical field. Unlike THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD does not leave the user feeling “high” or “stoned”. With CBD, quite the contrary occurs. CBD is what balances out the THC, working against the euphoria marijuana usually provides. This finding alone has attracted many people to begin the use of CBD for their pain.
CBD for Burns
Perhaps the most alluring attribute about CBD for many is its anti-inflammatory properties. While it helps with seizures, pain, appetite, and mood, CBD has been proven to decrease swelling dramatically. When the skin becomes burned, it gets inflamed. The worse the burn is on the skin, the worse the swelling. Oftentimes this appears as blisters or sloughing. Applying CBD oil directly to the skin can help the burn recover, decreasing swelling, and stimulating growth. CBD, like aloe vera, is a natural growing plant-medicine.
Many burns suffered can be handled within the own comfort of the home. First-degree burns are common, and all you may need is to run some hot water on the affected area for some time. Ointments and creams may do the trick as well for mild burns. For second and third-degree burns, it is highly advised that you always seek out medical attention for proper care.