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As cannabidiol (CBD) oil is being used recently to treat a range of ailments, science shows possibility of cold sores being managed with CBD.
What Are Cold Sores?
Cold Sores often called Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV 1), mouth or oral herpes, mouth sores, fever blisters, and, in latin, herpes labialis. Cold sores, are caused by a mouth infection from the herpes simplex virus. The infection leads to fluid filled blisters caused by a viral infection. The virus causes painful herpes sores on the lips, mouth, tongue or gums.
Though symptoms normally appear near the lips, mouth herpes is not always limited to the mouth. Symptoms may appear on other parts of the body, like between the upper lip, on or inside the nose, or on the chin or cheek. In these causes, HSV-1 is called oral-facial herpes. Herpes affects affects soft tissue, skin, and mucous membranes.
Cold sores should not be mistaken for canker sores. Canker sores are small white blisters inside the mouth. Cold sores are not often inside the mouth unless the sufferer has a weakened immune system. Cold sores are also much larger in size and red in color. Canker sores are less serious than cold sores and are not infectious. Canker sores are commonly associated with acidic or unbalanced diets.
Primary Infection and Recurrence
According to the American Sexual Health Association, over 50% of American adults carry the virus. After the initial infection, the virus remains dormant in the nerve cells of the face. Later, the virus can then be reactivated and lead to more sores. This would be what would classify the virus as recurrent.
With primary infection, some individuals experience a serious outbreak with a sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, general systemic signs, longer duration of symptoms, and higher rate of complications. Other’s silently are infected and do not even have an original outbreak.
Infection occurs through direct contact, such as kissing, eating and drink through sharing straws or cups, or sharing lip balms.
Herpes can also be transmitted when no physical symptoms are present. There are many days in the year when the virus reactivates but causes no visual symptoms (termed asymptomatic shedding, viral shedding, or asymptomatic reactivation).
Early symptoms include pain, burning, tingling, or itching prior to the sore appearing, until clusters of blisters erupt. The most intense pain occurs at the onset and can make eating and originally drinking difficult.
HSV-1 Versus HSV-2
HSV-1 differs from Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HSV-2) in that HSV-2 is more severe and a sexually transmitted disease called genital herpes. Patients are infected through sex or oral sex often. On the other hand, HSV-1 infects most of its sufferers before the age of 10. Most individuals contract mouth herpes when they are mere children when receiving a kiss from a friend or a relative.
Recurrent mouth herpes is usually not serious, but relapses are extremely common. Many infected choose to treat the episodes with easily accessible over-the-counter topical anesthetic creams. The signs and symptoms are usually gone within a few weeks. If the relapses are frequent, a doctor might prescribe cold sore medicines or antiviral medications, like Acyclovir Zovirax or Famciclovir Famvir to lessen the number of annual outbreaks.
If uninterested in large pharmaceutical choices, the are other options for less-conventional treatment for cold sores and options with lower risk of side effects. One of these solutions is home remedies which can be combined with CBD or used as sole methods to quickly get rid of small outbreaks. However, in more serious cases, you may need to treat cold sores with more bodily impactful solutions for your sores to heal.
Average healing time is one to two weeks. If your outbreaks last longer than two weeks, excluding the primary infection or first outbreak, seek out medical or professional health care assistance.
Cannabis and Herpesviruses
Medical cannabis may be able to reduce frequency of mouth herpes outbreaks. It has been shown to guide immune responses and lymphocyte function. After first infection, the viral DNA genome of herpesviruses latently remains in lymphoid cell nuclei.
This is to say the virus remains latent until reactivation. When activated, the virus creates the production of infectious virus progeny. This associated was the purpose of study for the potential treatment of gamma herpesvirus replication with cannabis.
In studies, dating as far back as the 80s, there has been correlation between inhibition of virus replication and use of THC and cannabidiol (CBD), both cannabinoids derived from the cannabis plant. This could be due to the fact cannabis has anti-inflammatory properties.
In 1991, scientists found that THC application lessened how infectious the virus was in cells cultured outside the body. Then, in 2010, a clinical trial found facial cream made of synthetic cannabinoids appeared to help the pain associated with shingles, a fellow inflammatory facial ailment.
CBD pure products are solely cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive compound found in the hemp plant. THC, on the other hand, is psychoactive and is more commonly outlawed. If curious, testing CBD pure or CBD full-spectrum products as methods of treatment as a low risk ratio, if legal and encouraged by a health professional, to stop recurrent outbreaks of mouth sores. CBD has low side effects and has proven to have a range of medicinal uses.
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